What is the difference between A Khata and B Khata Properties?


What is the difference between A Khata and B Khata Properties?

November 27, 2023

Real estate deals can be complicated as they involve an extensive glossary. An inexperienced buyer may not understand the terms or tend to overlook to get through the purchase process fast. Every homebuyer must know what they are getting into as it may involve their lifetime savings. With that said, 'A Khata' and 'B Khata' are frequently discussed in real estate forums.

Introduced in 2007 through the Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike (BBMP) formation, the Khata is a crucial legal document for property transactions in Bengaluru. It serves as an official record that identifies and validates properties in the city. The Khata contains ownership details that simplify tax payments, licences, loans and property approvals. The document is divided into two categories: A Khata and B Khata.

This guide on A Khata vs B Khata aims to demystify these terms and empower homebuyers with the knowledge needed to make informed decisions about their investments.

What is Khata?

The term 'Khata' is familiar to most Indians, and when translated into English, it means 'account.' However, in the context of property transactions in Bengaluru, Khata is more than just an account – it is a legal document that formally recognises a specific property. This document contains essential details about property ownership and is a mandatory legal revenue document for citizens of Bengaluru involved in any property transaction.

Introduced in 2007 by the Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike (BBMP), Khata is a crucial legal document that serves as an official record for identifying and validating properties in Bengaluru. It simplifies tax payments, licences, loans and property approvals. Khata is divided into two categories: A Khata and B Khata.

What Does Khata Consist Of?

Khata includes ownership details, facilitating various processes such as tax collection, licence applications and property transactions. It acts as a comprehensive record that ensures transparency and legality in property dealings.

BBMP A Khata is a crucial legal document issued by the BBMP. This designation signifies a property's legality, ensuring streamlined tax processes and establishing ownership details. Possessing a BBMP A Khata means unlocking advantages such as eligibility for licences, simplified property transactions and ease in obtaining loans. It serves as a testament to a property's legitimacy, providing a secure foundation for real estate dealings in the city.

A property's title holder can obtain the A Khata certificate by submitting all the relevant documents to the assistant revenue officer (ARO), provided that the asset is within the authority of the BBMP A Khata.

When it comes to B Khata meaning, this is in contrast to A Khata. B Khata in Bengaluru's real estate signifies properties categorised as illegal by the BBMP. Even if civic charges are paid, B Khata properties fall outside the legal framework due to specific violations or lack of essential certificates. This designation poses restrictions on property transactions and ownership.

The B Khata category encompasses properties in breach of specific bylaws, those in unauthorised layouts, built on revenue land or lacking issuance or completion certificates, among other criteria.

Differences between A Khata and B Khata

For anyone thinking about buying property in Bengaluru, it is important to understand the difference between A and B Khata properties. All B Khata properties need to be changed to A Khata. Think of BBMP B Khata like a temporary document, while A Khata is the permanent one that ensures your property is legally sound.

Why to Upgrade from B Khata to A Khata?

The B Khata is a separate list that the BBMP keeps, and it includes properties in Bengaluru that are considered illegal, even if the owner paid charges for the property. However, there is a chance to upgrade B Khata properties to A Khata by meeting certain criteria. Upgrading from B Khata to A Khata is a crucial step for property owners to legitimise their holdings. To initiate this process, individuals must:

  • Clear all outstanding taxes owed to local authorities and obtain a verification document
  • Officially change the plot's usage from agricultural to residential through the DC conversion process
  • Pay betterment fees to local authorities to proceed with upgrading the property's certification

Advantages of Owning an A Khata Property

The inception of A Khata aimed to simplify property tax collection by local authorities. This designation signifies a document confirming the property owner's payment of applicable property taxes to the BBMP, validating legal ownership of the property.

  • Smooth Property Transactions: A Khata properties are legally recognised, ensuring seamless buying, selling and ownership transfer processes
  • Eligibility for Trade Licences: A Khata property owners can obtain trade licences, opening up opportunities for commercial activities
  • Construction Permits and Expansion: A Khata property owners can easily obtain construction permits and expand their properties, providing flexibility for future developments

How to Upgrade from B Khata to A Khata?

Ensuring a smooth process for property trading, construction and ownership transfers involves a crucial step: converting B Khata properties to A Khata. This conversion not only guarantees compliance with legal requirements but also minimises potential complexities. Acquiring an A Khata certificate establishes clear legal ownership for property owners, providing the flexibility to sell the property at their discretion. Moreover, the A Khata certification simplifies access to licences, loans and other property-related services, streamlining transactions.

The associated costs of transitioning from B Khata to A Khata can vary based on the specific property and the policies of local authorities. It is important to note that certain properties may not meet the criteria for conversion from B Khata to A Khata.

Upgrading from B Khata to A Khata can be done through both online and offline modes. To upgrade, individuals must:

Online Mode:

  • Clear all outstanding taxes online
  • Initiate the DC conversion process electronically
  • Pay betterment fees through online payment gateways

Offline Mode:

  • Visit local authorities to clear outstanding taxes
  • Submit physical documents for DC conversion (transforming agricultural land into non-agricultural land. Approved by the Deputy Commissioner of the Department of Agriculture.)
  • Pay betterment fees through designated offline channels

Documents required for the upgrade process include proof of tax payment, DC conversion application and receipts for betterment fees.

The Importance of Verifying the Khata Certificate Before Buying a Property

Before making a property investment, it is crucial for homebuyers to verify the Khata certificate. This ensures the property's legal status and helps buyers make informed decisions. Verification includes confirming tax payments, checking for any legal disputes and ensuring that the property complies with all regulations.


For anyone involved in property transactions in Bengaluru, understanding the distinction between A Khata and B Khata properties is paramount. Whether you are a prospective buyer or an existing property owner, being aware of the legal status of a property and its implications is essential.

To simplify the process, partnering with reputable builders like Brigade Group, who prioritise obtaining all necessary documents, can provide peace of mind for investments in properties like Brigade Calista or Brigade Valencia without concerns about Khata certificate status.

Make informed choices to safeguard your investments and ensure a smooth real estate experience.


1. What is A Khata?

The A Khata document enables owners of land assets to apply for licences and home loans and simplifies construction, sale and ownership transfers. To acquire an A Khata certificate for a property, the title holder must submit all pertinent documents to the Assistant Revenue Officer (ARO), ensuring that the asset falls under the jurisdiction of the BBMP A Khata.

2. What is B Khata?

B Khata certificates are issued to properties outside the jurisdiction of the BBMP. These properties are unauthorised but still receive amenities from civic agencies. However, B Khatas are not recognised as valid Khata extracts, and owners do not receive the same benefits as A Khata properties.

B Khata is generally issued in the following scenarios:

  • When the property is situated within an unauthorised layout
  • When the property is located on revenue land without DC conversion
  • When a property lacks a valid Occupancy Certificate

3. Which one is better, A Khata or B Khata?

A Khata is usually better than B Khata. A Khata means the property is legally recognised, making transactions smoother. It also gives you more benefits like getting licences and loans. B Khata, on the other hand, could have legal issues, which might cause problems with transactions and ownership.

4. How do I check if my Khata is A or B?

You can find out if your Khata is A or B by looking at your property documents. If it is A Khata, it means your property follows all the rules. If it is B Khata, there might be some legal issues. You can also check with local authorities or the Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike (BBMP) for more information.

5. Is it okay to buy a B Khata property in Bangalore?

Buying a B Khata property in Bengaluru comes with risks. While some B Khata properties may eventually be eligible for conversion to A Khata, they are initially considered illegal or have specific violations. It is crucial to thoroughly investigate the property's background, potential legal issues and future conversion possibilities before making a decision. Consulting with legal experts and obtaining professional advice is recommended when considering the purchase of a B Khata property.


Looking for something specific?

We'd be delighted to help you.

© 2024 Brigade | All Rights Reserved | Disclaimer |
Privacy Policy | Terms Of Use