All you need to know about Infrastructure Development Charges (IDC)


All you need to know about Infrastructure Development Charges (IDC)

May 14, 2024

Infrastructure Development Charges (IDC) are fees levied by local government authorities or development agencies on developers or property owners for the purpose of financing infrastructure projects. These charges are meant to cover the costs associated with developing and maintaining essential infrastructure such as roads, water supply systems, sewage systems, and other public amenities in a particular area. Understanding IDCs is crucial for developers, property owners, and investors as they directly impact the cost of real estate projects and contribute to the overall development of urban and rural areas.

What are Infrastructure Development Charges (IDC)?

Infrastructure Development Charges (IDC) are fees imposed by local authorities or development agencies on developers or property owners as a contribution towards the cost of infrastructure projects. These charges are typically imposed when new developments or constructions are undertaken, such as commercial or residential projects, to ensure that the necessary infrastructure is in place to support the increased demand resulting from the development.

IDCs are utilized to fund various infrastructure projects such as the construction of roads, bridges, water supply systems, sewage treatment plants, drainage systems, parks, and other public amenities. The funds collected through IDCs are earmarked specifically for infrastructure development and maintenance within the designated area or locality.

Why are Infrastructure Development Charges Important?

Infrastructure Development Charges (IDCs) play a crucial role in facilitating sustainable development and improving the quality of life in urban and rural areas. Several reasons underscore the importance of IDCs:

Financing Infrastructure Projects

IDCs provide a reliable and sustainable source of funding for infrastructure projects. By collecting fees from developers or property owners, local authorities can raise the necessary funds to invest in essential infrastructure such as roads, water supply systems, and sewage treatment plants.

Supporting Growth and Development

As urban and rural areas expand, there is a growing demand for infrastructure to support the increased population and economic activities. IDCs help finance the construction of new infrastructure and the expansion or improvement of existing facilities to accommodate growth and development.

Enhancing Livability and Quality of Life

Well-planned and well-maintained infrastructure contributes to the overall livability and quality of life in a community. IDC-funded projects such as parks, recreational facilities, and green spaces enhance the attractiveness of an area and improve the well-being of residents.

Promoting Sustainable Development

Infrastructure development plays a key role in promoting sustainable development by ensuring the efficient use of resources, reducing environmental impact, and enhancing resilience to climate change. IDCs support investments in sustainable infrastructure projects that benefit both current and future generations.

Fostering Economic Growth

Adequate infrastructure is essential for economic growth and prosperity. IDC-funded projects such as roads, transportation networks, and utilities facilitate commerce, trade, and investment, thereby stimulating economic activity and creating employment opportunities.

Equitable Distribution of Costs

IDCs help ensure that the costs associated with infrastructure development are distributed equitably among developers, property owners, and residents who directly benefit from the improved infrastructure. This prevents the burden of infrastructure costs from falling disproportionately on taxpayers or local governments.

How to Calculate Infrastructure Development Charges?

The calculation of Infrastructure Development Charges (IDCs) typically varies depending on the policies, regulations, and practices of the local government authority or development agency responsible for levying the charges. However, the following factors are commonly considered when determining IDCs:

Type of Development

The nature and scale of the development project, such as residential, commercial, industrial, or mixed-use, influence the calculation of IDCs. Larger developments with greater impacts on infrastructure typically incur higher charges.

Impact on Infrastructure

The extent to which the development project will increase the demand for infrastructure services, such as roads, water supply, sewage treatment, and drainage, is a key consideration. Projects with a significant impact on infrastructure require higher IDCs to cover the associated costs.

Infrastructure Costs

The estimated costs of developing or upgrading the necessary infrastructure to support the development project are factored into the calculation of IDCs. This includes construction costs, engineering fees, land acquisition costs, and other related expenses.

Benefit Assessment

Some jurisdictions conduct benefit assessments to determine the proportionate share of IDCs to be paid by each developer or property owner based on the benefits derived from the infrastructure improvements. Factors such as proximity to infrastructure facilities and the level of service provided may be considered in benefit assessments.

Government Policies and Regulations

The calculation of IDCs is governed by relevant government policies, regulations, and guidelines. Local authorities or development agencies may have specific formulas, methodologies, or rates for determining IDCs, which developers and property owners are required to adhere to.

Public Consultation and Input

In some cases, local authorities may engage in public consultation processes to gather input from stakeholders, including developers, property owners, and community members, when establishing or revising IDC policies and rates. This ensures transparency and accountability in the calculation and imposition of IDCs.

Legal Compliance

IDCs must comply with applicable laws, regulations, and legal requirements. Developers and property owners are responsible for ensuring that IDCs are calculated and paid in accordance with the relevant statutory provisions and administrative procedures.


In summary, Infrastructure Development Charges (IDCs) are essential for financing the construction and maintenance of infrastructure projects, supporting growth and development, enhancing livability, promoting sustainability, fostering economic growth, and ensuring equitable distribution of costs. The calculation of IDCs considers factors such as the type of development, impact on infrastructure, infrastructure costs, benefit assessment, government policies, public consultation, and legal compliance. Developers and property owners should be aware of IDC requirements and adhere to applicable regulations to facilitate the successful completion of development projects. You can also use a development charges calculator available online to get the results within minutes.

Benefits of Paying Infrastructure Development Charges (IDC) in Real Estate

Infrastructure Development Charges (IDC) play a crucial role in the real estate sector, providing funding for essential infrastructure projects that support urban and rural development. IDC in real estate offers several benefits to developers, property owners, and the broader community:

Access to Quality Infrastructure

By paying IDCs, developers contribute to the construction and maintenance of infrastructure such as roads, water supply systems, sewage treatment plants, and public amenities. This ensures that residents have access to quality infrastructure that enhances their quality of life and supports economic activities.

Supports Sustainable Development

Infrastructure projects funded by IDCs promote sustainable development by improving transportation networks, reducing traffic congestion, enhancing water and sanitation systems, and protecting natural resources. Sustainable infrastructure contributes to environmental conservation, resilience to climate change, and efficient resource management.

Increases Property Value

Well-planned and well-maintained infrastructure enhances the attractiveness of real estate properties and increases their market value. Properties located in areas with good infrastructure connectivity, such as proximity to roads, public transportation, and amenities, command higher prices and attract more buyers or tenants.

Facilitates Development Approval

Infrastructure charges by builders are often a prerequisite for obtaining development approvals and building permits from local authorities. Compliance with IDC requirements demonstrates the developer's commitment to supporting infrastructure development and complying with regulatory standards, expediting the approval process for real estate projects.

Enhances Marketability

Properties developed in compliance with IDC requirements are perceived as more desirable and marketable by potential buyers or tenants. Infrastructure-supported amenities such as parks, recreational facilities, and green spaces enhance the overall appeal of real estate projects and differentiate them from competitors in the market.

Reduces Dependency on Public Funds

By funding infrastructure projects through IDCs, developers alleviate the burden on public funds and government budgets. This enables local authorities to allocate resources more efficiently and focus on priority areas such as healthcare, education, and social welfare, benefiting the broader community.

Promotes Economic Growth

Investments in infrastructure funded by IDCs stimulate economic growth by creating jobs, attracting investment, and fostering business development. Improved infrastructure facilitates commerce, trade, and connectivity, driving economic activity and generating revenue for businesses and local governments.

Enhances Livability

Infrastructure projects supported by IDCs enhance the livability of communities by providing essential services and amenities such as clean water, sanitation, healthcare, education, and recreation. Improved livability attracts residents, businesses, and investors, contributing to the social and economic vitality of urban and rural areas.

EDC vs IDC - Key Differences

While both EDC and IDC in real estate are levied by authorities for funding infrastructure projects, they have distinct characteristics and purposes:

External Development Charges (EDC)

EDC is levied on developers by local authorities or development agencies to finance external infrastructure projects that benefit the broader community, such as roads, utilities, and public amenities.

It is typically calculated based on the area or extent of development and is intended to cover the costs associated with extending infrastructure services to new developments.

EDC funds are used for infrastructure projects outside the boundaries of the development site, such as connecting roads, water supply lines, sewage systems, and electricity grids.

The purpose of EDC is to ensure that new developments contribute their fair share towards the costs of external infrastructure required to support growth and development.

Infrastructure Development Charges (IDC)

IDC is levied on developers or property owners for financing internal infrastructure projects within a specific development or locality, such as roads, water supply systems, sewage treatment plants, and recreational facilities.

It is calculated based on the impact of the development on local infrastructure and is intended to cover the costs of constructing, upgrading, or maintaining infrastructure within the development area.

IDC funds are used for infrastructure projects within the boundaries of the development site, such as internal roads, drainage systems, parks, and landscaping.

The purpose of IDC is to ensure that new developments contribute towards the costs of internal infrastructure required to support the increased demand resulting from the development.

IDC Challenges

Despite the benefits of Infrastructure Development Charges (IDC), several challenges may arise in their implementation:

Cost Burden on Developers: IDCs add to the overall cost of real estate development, potentially affecting project viability and affordability. Developers may pass on the additional costs to buyers or tenants, leading to higher property prices or rents.

Complex Calculation Methods: The calculation of IDCs may involve complex methodologies and formulas, making it challenging for developers to determine the precise amount payable. Lack of clarity and transparency in IDC calculations can result in disputes and delays in project approvals.

Regulatory Compliance: Developers must comply with regulatory requirements and administrative procedures when paying IDCs, which may vary depending on the jurisdiction. Failure to adhere to IDC regulations can lead to legal issues, fines, or delays in project completion.

Infrastructure Deficit: In some cases, IDCs may not fully cover the costs of infrastructure projects, resulting in a deficit that local authorities or developers must address. Infrastructure deficits can hinder the timely delivery of essential services and amenities to residents.

Equity Considerations: IDCs should be imposed equitably to ensure that all developers contribute their fair share towards infrastructure development. However, inequities in IDC assessments or distribution of costs may arise, particularly in areas with diverse development patterns or socioeconomic disparities.

Strategies to Get Appropriate Infrastructure Development Charges

To address the challenges associated with Infrastructure Development Charges (IDC) and ensure appropriate contributions towards infrastructure development, developers and stakeholders can consider the following strategies:

Engage in Dialogue with Authorities: Developers should engage in constructive dialogue with local authorities or development agencies responsible for imposing IDCs. Open communication and collaboration can facilitate a better understanding of IDC requirements and ensure compliance with regulatory standards.

Participate in Planning Processes: Developers can participate in urban planning processes and infrastructure planning initiatives to provide input on infrastructure priorities, needs, and funding mechanisms. Involvement in planning discussions allows developers to advocate for fair and equitable IDC policies and allocations.

Conduct Due Diligence: Developers should conduct thorough due diligence to understand the methodology, criteria, and factors used to calculate IDCs in a particular jurisdiction. By gaining clarity on IDC calculations and regulations, developers can assess the financial implications and plan accordingly.

Explore Financing Options: Developers can explore financing options such as public-private partnerships (PPPs), infrastructure bonds, and impact fees to fund infrastructure projects and mitigate the financial burden of IDCs. Collaborative financing arrangements can distribute costs more equitably and leverage external funding sources.

Seek Legal Advice: Developers should seek legal advice from experienced professionals specializing in real estate law and infrastructure financing. Legal experts can provide guidance on regulatory compliance, contractual obligations, dispute resolution, and strategies for negotiating IDCs with local authorities.

Promote Sustainability and Innovation: Developers can integrate sustainable design principles, green infrastructure solutions, and innovative technologies into their projects to optimize resource efficiency, reduce infrastructure costs, and enhance the value proposition of their developments. Sustainable and innovative approaches may qualify for incentives or exemptions from certain IDC requirements.

Collaborate with Stakeholders: Developers should collaborate with stakeholders such as community organizations, residents, and other developers to advocate for fair and transparent IDC policies, address infrastructure needs, and promote responsible development practices. Collective action can influence policy decisions and foster a supportive regulatory environment.

In conclusion, Infrastructure Development Charges (IDCs) play a vital role in financing essential infrastructure projects that support urban and rural development. Paying IDCs offers benefits such as access to quality infrastructure, sustainable development, increased property value, development approval facilitation, marketability enhancement, reduced dependency on public funds, economic growth promotion, and livability enhancement. Understanding the key differences between IDCs and External Development Charges (EDC), as well as the challenges associated with IDCs, is essential for developers, property owners, and stakeholders in the real estate sector. By implementing strategies to address IDC challenges and ensure appropriate contributions towards infrastructure development, developers can contribute to the sustainable growth and prosperity of communities.


Who is the governing body to collect IDC?

The governing body responsible for collecting Infrastructure Development Charges (IDC) varies depending on the jurisdiction and may include local government authorities, development agencies, or regulatory bodies overseeing urban and rural development projects.

Is it mandatory to pay the IDC?

Yes, it is typically mandatory to pay Infrastructure Development Charges (IDC) as they are imposed by local government authorities or development agencies to fund essential infrastructure projects. Failure to pay IDCs may result in legal consequences or delays in obtaining development approvals.

Who needs to pay the infrastructure development charges?

Infrastructure Development Charges (IDCs) are typically paid by developers or property owners undertaking new construction projects or developments. The charges are levied to fund the construction, maintenance, or improvement of essential infrastructure such as roads, water supply systems, sewage treatment plants, and public amenities.

What is an IDC in loan?

In the context of loans, IDC stands for Interest During Construction. It refers to the interest accrued on the amount of funds disbursed by a lender to finance a construction project. IDC is typically paid by the borrower during the construction phase of the project and is part of the overall financing costs.

How to calculate infrastructure development charges?

To calculate Infrastructure Development Charges (IDCs), assess the development's impact on local infrastructure, estimate required improvements' costs, determine proportionate share based on regulations, factor in benefits or credits, consult with authorities, document calculations, pay IDCs, ensure compliance, and monitor for adjustments as needed. You can also use an infrastructural development calculator to calculate the charges conveniently.

What is IDC in business?

In business, IDC typically stands for "Interest During Construction." It refers to the interest accrued on funds borrowed for a construction project before the project is completed and revenue-generating activities commence.


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